By: Jake Gallagher | August 23, 2023

Are you ready to turn your property into a self-sustaining oasis? Imagine the convenience of having a reliable water source right at your fingertips, whether it’s for watering your garden, tending to livestock, or even just washing off outdoor equipment. 

In this guide, I’ll teach you to install a water hydrant (also called a yard hydrant) from a well pump — a project that marries functionality with convenience. Bringing this concept to life requires more than just tools; it demands a dash of plumbing prowess and a pinch of construction finesse. 

So, whether you’re a seasoned DIY enthusiast or just embarking on your journey, join us as we unravel the art and science of harmonizing well pumps and water hydrants to elevate your property’s utility and value.

Project Overview

The working time, skill level, and estimated cost for installing a yard hydrant from a well pump can vary widely based on factors such as location, the specific equipment you’re using, and your level of expertise. Here’s a general overview:

1. Working time

The installation process can take anywhere from a few days to a week or more, depending on the complexity of the installation, the need for trenching, and the time required for curing concrete (if applicable).

2. Skill level

This project requires a moderate to advanced level of plumbing and construction skills. It involves tasks such as trenching, pipe installation, connecting fittings, working with concrete (if needed), and ensuring proper pressure testing. 

If you’re not experienced with plumbing and well systems, I strongly recommend you consult with a professional to avoid costly mistakes or safety hazards.

3. Estimated cost

In total, the estimated cost for the entire process (including materials, labor, permits, and miscellaneous costs) could range from approximately $1,000 to $5,000 or more. Keep in mind that these are rough estimates, and costs can vary significantly based on your specific circumstances.

Yard Hydrant Installation Process

This is a general rundown, and specific steps might vary depending on your location, local codes, and the type of well pump and yard hydrant you’re using:


  • Water hydrant (you can also opt for a frost-free yard hydrant)
  • Well pump (jet or submersible pump)
  • PVC or polyethylene pipes and fittings
  • Shovels and digging tools
  • Pipe wrenches and pliers
  • Pipe glue and primer (if using PVC pipes)
  • Teflon tape or pipe thread sealant
  • Level
  • Concrete (for yard hydrant base)
  • Backfill material (sand or gravel)
  • Pressure gauge

Step 1: Selecting the perfect location

This step lays the foundation for the entire project, influencing accessibility, functionality, and long-term convenience. Before breaking ground, take time to assess your property’s layout and needs.

Start by considering the proximity of your well pump. While it might be tempting to place the hydrant as close as possible, it’s essential to strike a balance between convenience and proper drainage. 

Opt for a location slightly downhill from the well pump to allow for efficient water flow. This not only ensures a reliable water supply but also prevents potential waterlogging issues. Additionally, factor in the distance from structures, fences, or other potential obstructions to ensure easy access and maneuverability around the hydrant.

Also consider the practicality of the hydrant’s placement. Think about how you’ll use the water source — will it primarily serve a garden hose, livestock area, or general outdoor tasks? 

Position the hydrant within reasonable reach of these areas to minimize hose length and make your daily activities more manageable. While functionality takes precedence, don’t overlook aesthetics. A well-placed hydrant can seamlessly blend into your landscape, enhancing both form and function.

Step 2: Digging and trenching

This phase sets the groundwork for the plumbing that will connect your yard hydrant to the well pump. Before breaking into the soil, ensure you have the necessary tools listed above as well as a clear plan.

Begin by marking the trench’s path using stakes or spray paint, following the route from the well pump to the chosen hydrant location. Take into account the downhill slope you’ve established in the previous step to guide water flow. 

The depth of the trench will depend on various factors, including the frost line in your region and the type of pipes you’re using. Generally, a depth of 18 to 24 inches should suffice, but local regulations may require specific depths.

As you dig, maintain a gradual slope along the trench to facilitate water drainage and prevent water accumulation around the pipes. Be cautious not to disrupt existing utility lines or cables that might be buried beneath the surface. 

If your property requires a lengthy trench, consider renting trenching equipment to expedite the process and ensure precision. Once the trench is excavated, the groundwork is laid for the next stage.

Step 3: Laying down the water lines

With the trench prepared, it’s time to embark on the crucial step of pipe installation — an intricate process that forms the lifelines connecting your water hydrant to the well pump. 

Begin by gathering the necessary materials, including the pipes, fittings, connectors, and any adhesive required for your chosen pipe type. If you’re using PVC pipes, ensure you have the appropriate primer and glue on hand. 

Starting from the well pump location, lay out the water line along the trench, carefully connecting each piece using the designated fittings. As you progress, secure the pipes in place using straps or clamps to prevent shifting or sagging over time.

When joining pipes, follow the manufacturer’s guidelines for using primer and glue, ensuring a strong and leakproof connection. Take care to align the pipes properly and avoid sharp bends or kinks that could impede water flow. 

As you near the hydrant location, use a level to ensure the pipes maintain a slight downward slope, allowing water to flow naturally and prevent stagnation. Depending on your setup, you might also need to incorporate a check valve near the hydrant to control water flow.

Lastly, consider installing a protective sleeve or conduit around the pipes where they emerge from the ground, especially if you are installing a frost-free water hydrant. This added layer of insulation helps shield the water line from potential damage caused by frost and ensures the longevity of your water system. 

Step 4: Yard hydrant installation

As the underground plumbing takes shape, the spotlight shifts to the exciting phase of hydrant installation. To begin, assemble the necessary tools and equipment for hydrant installation, including a concrete mix, a shovel, a level, and any mounting hardware provided by the hydrant manufacturer. 

Clear the area around the chosen hydrant location, ensuring it is free from debris and obstacles. Next, prepare the concrete base by digging a hole of sufficient size and depth to accommodate the base of the hydrant.

Mix the concrete according to the manufacturer’s instructions and pour it into the hole, ensuring the base of the hydrant is centered and level.

With the concrete base in place, carefully position the hydrant over it, allowing the base to sink into the wet concrete. Use a level to ensure the hydrant is perfectly upright and adjust its position if needed. 

Once the hydrant is aligned correctly, secure it in place by following the manufacturer’s guidelines. This may involve using bolts, brackets, or other provided hardware to fasten the hydrant securely to the concrete base. As the concrete cures, it forms a stable foundation for the hydrant, ensuring its stability and longevity.

Finally, connect the hydrant to the underground pipes you’ve previously installed, using the appropriate fittings and connectors. Pay close attention to the hydrant’s shutoff valve, ensuring it operates smoothly and effectively.

Step 5: Backfilling

As the hydrant proudly stands ready to deliver water, the installation process advances to a crucial yet often underestimated step: backfilling. This phase involves more than simply covering the trenches and hydrant base; it encapsulates the art of providing structural support and safeguarding the underground infrastructure you’ve meticulously put in place.

To begin the backfilling process, begin by carefully adding backfill material to the trench and around the hydrant base. Commonly used materials include sand, gravel, or a combination of both. As you add the backfill, compact it gently to prevent it from settling over time. Maintaining a consistent slope in the trench helps ensure proper drainage and prevents water accumulation around the water line.

As the trench slowly fills, take care to avoid damaging the pipes, fittings, and hydrant components. Use hand tools and shovels to maneuver the backfill material with precision. Pay extra attention around the hydrant base, ensuring the concrete is well-supported and the hydrant remains upright during the process. 

Once the trenches are filled and the hydrant is securely nestled, the system is poised for a pressure test to confirm its integrity and functionality.

Step 6: Pressure test

This phase serves as the litmus test for your water hydrant system’s integrity, validating that every joint, connection, and component has been meticulously assembled to deliver water reliably and without leaks.

Before flipping the pressure switch, ensure all connections are secure and any shutoff valves are properly closed. Attach a pressure gauge to the hydrant’s outlet and prepare to turn on the well pump. 

As the pump begins to operate, closely monitor the pressure gauge. The pressure should rise steadily and remain within the expected range. Any sudden drops or irregular fluctuations could indicate a potential leak or issue within the system.

During this test, pay careful attention to all components of the hydrant, especially the shutoff valve and the connections between pipes and fittings. It’s a good practice to enlist a helper to observe the gauge while you operate the pump.

If the pressure remains consistent and within the expected range, it’s a positive sign that your installation has been successful. However, if you notice any anomalies, such as pressure drops or leaks, it’s crucial to identify and address the issue before proceeding.

Step 7: Finishing touches

This phase encapsulates not only the practical aspects of ensuring your system’s seamless operation but also the visual integration of the new hydrant into your property’s landscape.

Start by carefully inspecting the entire system once more, from the well pump to the hydrant. Check for any potential leaks, loose fittings, or irregularities that might have been missed during earlier stages. Address any issues promptly to guarantee the system’s optimal performance.

Now, shift your focus to the immediate surroundings of the hydrant. Ensure that the area is level and neatly arranged. If you’ve used concrete for the hydrant base, confirm that it has fully cured and hardened. 

Depending on your aesthetic preferences, you might choose to add a layer of gravel or decorative stones around the hydrant to enhance its visual appeal and provide a clean and defined space.

Consider landscaping around the hydrant, introducing native plants or ornamental features that complement the hydrant’s presence. Concealing any exposed pipes with strategic planting can further integrate the system into your outdoor space.


From picking the perfect spot that’s both chill and functional to digging trenches like a pro (seriously, who knew digging could be an art form?), you’ve journeyed through a whirlwind of DIY awesomeness.

But it’s not just about pipes and pumps; it’s about transforming your patch of land into a hub of hydration. The pressure tests and meticulous checks might sound all technical, but they’re basically just making sure your water game is on point.

And those finishing touches? Think of them as the glitter on your DIY crown — landscaping around the hydrant, making it blend like it’s been there all along.

Want to know more about well water pumps? Check out these additional sources that provide comprehensive and intricate information: