Humans require water to survive. Every individual on the planet requires at least 20 to 50 liters of clean, safe water each day for drinking, cooking, and just keeping clean.
Water that has been contaminated is not only filthy, but also dangerous. Every year, 1.8 million people die from diarrheal infections such as cholera. Hundreds of millions more are harmed by a variety of water-related illnesses, many of which are completely avoidable.
The United Nations believes universal access to safe drinking water to be a core human right and a necessary step toward improving global living standards. Water-scarce villages are often economically impoverished as well, trapping residents in a vicious circle of poverty.
When children are sick, they miss school, which has a negative impact on their education. Economic possibilities are often wasted due to the effects of widespread disease and the time-consuming processes of obtaining water in areas where it is scarce. These burdens fall primarily on children and mothers.
It is obvious that water is necessary for hydration and food production, but sanitation is also a critical and complementary use of water. Not only does a lack of effective sanitation services create sickness, but it can also deprive individuals of their basic human dignity.
Read this to find out more facts about the current state of the water in the planet.