Many people in rural regions get their water by drilling wells or drilling boreholes and pumping groundwater to the surface. Many towns have shared water sources that bring water to a central place like a school or a community center.
Community members must gather and transport water to their dwellings after it is pumped or otherwise brought to the central source. They may be required to treat water in the home in some situations.
The government or a nonprofit group may fund and dig certain community wells and boreholes. Others are built and supported by the local community.
These methods are widespread in developing-world communities that lack the infrastructure for domestic service. They may be found in urban slums as well as remote rural areas.
Community water supply systems need a moderate amount of permanent infrastructure, such as pumping equipment, that must be kept in good working order at a reasonable cost. Many communities are capable of taking care of their own maintenance requirements. Those who can attain self-sufficiency and local control over their supply of this most fundamental human need will be able to do so.